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History Mid-Term Study Guide January 2012

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2012 Midterm Study Guide                                                                                                                                                          Important Terms

Natural Rights are: 

Natural Laws are

Divine Right is: 

An Absolute Monarch is a:  

An Enlightened Despot is:

Mercantilism is:

Feudalism is:  

Capitalism is:

 A Primary Source is

 A Secondary source is

 The Declaration of the Rights of Man did what?

 Adam Smith

 John Locke

 Rene Descartes                                                              

Charles Montesquieu     

Jean-Jacques Rousseau


Louis XIV                                                                 

Louis XVI 

Henry VIII

Katherine of Aragon  

Maximilian Robespierre       

Marie Antoinette     

Madame Guillotine 

Napoleon Bonaparte           



Short answers:

Causes of the French Revolution

What were the Three Estates?

Why were the monarchs executed?

How did the French Revolution change the role and rights of women in France and the world of the eighteenth century?

Explain how the role and influence of the Church changed in France during the French Revolution.

Terror is nothing other than justice, prompt, severe, inflexible.  Let terror be the order of the day!” Who said this and what was the event or time period in which he said it?

Explain what the Vendee was and why it occurred.

Explain what the Thermidorian Reaction in 1794 was. 

How and why did Napoleon come to power in 1799?

What contributions did Napoleon make to France and the world?

What was the Continental System and who was the target?

What was the Congress of Vienna, and what was its goals and legacy?

Define and explain Karl Marx’s theory of history including the following terms; Dialectic materialism, proletariat and bourgeoisie. Use an example from the French Revolution. Make sure and include Ruling Elite, Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat. You should include a diagram as well including Thesis + Antithesis = Synthesis.



Essay section 200 points Assessed with the CAPT Interdisciplinary Scoring Rubric and Critical Thinking Rubric

Be sure to write essay on additional paper. You should out line your essay before you compose it. After you are done writing go back over your response and edit it and make sure you have answered the question or questions completely and thoroughly.  You may choose any one of the following essays. Each essay must answer the question fully with supporting details.  Use the essay format taught in class. Good grammar, fluency and structure are important. Essays should be a minimum of five paragraphs including an introduction and conclusion.

Each question is designed to allow you to show how much you know and understand about each epoch we have studied this year. Your responses should include the ethos or spirit of the time it covers. Each essay may include the role of religion, social structure, economy and significant individuals from the period covered.


Essay choice 1

1. Invention Essay:

Many innovations and inventions have changed the course of history and shaped the world. What political and economic innovations were created during the Enlightenment and how have they contributed to our present society? You must explain with supporting details how Enlightenment ideas have impacted us in areas of epistemology, economics, civic duty, political and social justice. If you could shape a government what would it look like? Which of the four Enlightenment philosophers would you base it on? Who do you agree with most and why? Which do you most disagree with and why?


Essay Choice 2

The French Revolution through art of the 18th and 19th centuries.                                                            

Using three works of art from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries explain how the French Revolution is dialectically reflected in art. Be sure and include the following people, genres of art and terms in your paper: Louis XIV, Louis XVI, Napoleon Bonaparte, Baroque, Rococo, and absolutism or absolute monarchy. Your essay should demonstrate an understanding of the history of the period and how art reflects history. Your essay should be a minimum of five paragraphs. Be sure to cite each work of art and name its genre. The timeline of the French Revolution provided in Document E may help Remember to use good writing form as discussed in class. You should use each work of art to tell the story of the French Revolution from its beginning to its end.                     

(See following Documents )  

The Palace at Versailles built by Louis XIV from 1669-1685. (Doc. A, Baroque)

The Swing 1767 by Jean Fragonard (Doc. B, Rococo)

Napoleon in Coronation Robes by Girodet de Roussy- Trioson 1803 (Doc. C, Neoclassicism)

*  Time Line of the French revolution (Doc. D)

*  1 May 10, 1774 - Louis XVI made King

*  2 June 20, 1789 - Tennis Court Oath

*  3 July 14, 1789 - Storming of the Bastille

*  4 August 27, 1789 - Dec. of Rights of Man

*  5 October 1, 1791 - Legislative Assembly Created

*  6 April 1792 - September 1792 - War with Austria

*  7 January 21, 1793 - King Executed

*  8 July 1763-July 28, 1794 – Robespierre’s Reign of Terror

*  9 November 2, 1795 - The Directory in Power

*  10 November 10, 1799 - Napoleon appointed First Consul